A man in a gravity environment
Man in the gravitational environment functions thanks to a special musculoskeletal structure. In particular, thanks to the plastic-elastic structure of the muscles, the separation of the articular surfaces with microdilatations and the flexible structure of the spine that functions as a muscle transmission. You can read about all these conditions in my book (FYBLA).
In order to precisely identify the impact of gravity on life, in my considerations I use the geometric center of the Earth as my frame of reference. Without this, it is difficult to objectively assess the phenomena occurring on the surface of the globe, in the sphere belonging to it, which is its atmosphere and the direct impact of the Earth on objects in space (outside the layers of this atmosphere).
Vertical in nature – a consequence of the action of gravity
We know from our own observation and from Newton’s laws that objects fall vertically towards the ground. Those suspended on a rope also accurately determine the vertical. High masts, skyscrapers and other buildings must stand vertically. What is a vertical? This line coincides with the direction of gravity on Earth. This line also always coincides with the extension of the radius of the globe.. The centripetal direction of gravity organizes many of our planet’s phenomena. Trees, grasses and crops grow vertically. We construct objects vertically so that they are stable on the ground (they are evenly attracted to it) – Figure 1. The human body is very strongly connected with the action of gravity. The musculoskeletal system, nervous system, circulatory system and many other mechanisms have evolved in the environment of gravity and thanks to it they can function. Visual perception is closely related to the constant identification of vertical direction, which we associate with order and security. The vertical direction also organizes the life of other organisms in various ways. However, man is particularly distinguished from them by his comprehensive relationship with gravity due to his structure and the way he functions.
The Action Of Gravity On The Musculoskeletal System Through The Hands
Man in the gravitational environment can function in an extremely versatile way. Like other mammals living on a solid surface, it has a hybrid muscle engine that uses kinetic energy from gravity and mitochondrial energy generated in the muscles thanks to the biochemical cycle.
We do not use our hands to assume gravity positions on a daily basis. This is done, and rarely, by athletes or circus performers. Their skills, apart from being spectacular and satisfying thanks to their exceptional fitness, are a valuable experiment showing one of the ways gravity affects the human body.Examples of how gravity can shape the body through gravitational muscle tension are shown in (1) and (2). The force of gravity of the body transferred to a solid surface with one hand of the competitor causes resistance (reaction force of the ground). This allows well-trained athletes to assume the body positions shown in the illustrations for a short time. They could not take such positions when this force is not working, for example in water or weightlessness. They are also not possible when the ground reaction force is too small. This condition occurs when the ground is springy or too soft, e.g. on a rubber trampoline, on a mattress, on soft or swampy terrain, etc.
The action of gravity on the musculoskeletal system through the legs – Man in the gravitational environment
This mechanism is different in the standing position. This position has a privileged evolutionary adaptation to the environment of gravity – Figure 4. In a normal upright position with feet supported, a person can function for many hours, e.g. walking, standing or squatting. The energy transferred to the muscles in this position makes it possible to lift even heavy weights. Of course, provided that the training of the muscle structure is adapted to the parameters of gravity. Two-legged support allows you to better adjust the balance of the body to less stable ground. However, also in this case it reduces, and in some cases loses its efficiency. This is particularly evident in the case of strongmen who can lift a weight of 250 kg on a solid surface, and in water, when the muscles do not gain the ground reaction force, they are unable to lift even a few or several kilograms. Such weight causes them to submerge under water. This example, although trivial, indicates what ranges of energy obtain organisms living on solid ground in the environment of gravity. Those that function in the air or in water have their organisms adapted to operate in conjunction with gravity for their environment.
A variation of the vertical position that allows the human body to function also for a long time is the sitting position (support points on the ischial bones). However, it has serious disadvantages. One of the most important is the generation of muscle tension with the participation of gravity only in the muscles of the trunk. The muscles of the legs, all the time spent sitting, are devoid of this tension. This has serious long-term health consequences. In contrast, the trunk muscles in most people are weak and maintain their proper tone only for a short time. Therefore, prolonged sitting is one of the most important causes of spinal deformities and neurological pain affecting the lower limbs over time.
It is worth reading in the book about how important the daily occurrence of various forms of muscle tension has an impact on the development of musculoskeletal disorders and on health.
Health is energy
Man generates initial energy through mitochondria, which are located in significant amounts in the muscles and accumulated in large amounts in important internal organs. Mitochondrial energy (derived from metabolism) also constantly maintains vital functions and activates the body to assume gravity positions on a solid surface. In these positions, the body receives a substantial boost of free kinetic energy. It brings the human biomachine to a usable level of efficiency. In addition to supporting mitochondrial energy in motor functions, energy from gravity enhances the dynamics of the functioning of internal organs, including blood flows, causing the constant reproduction and growth of mitochondria in cells.
A man in the gravitational environment can count on a relatively long life without diseases and infirmities, as long as he takes care of the proper adjustment of muscle parameters to the gravity acting on the body.
A person who is in a coma uses only mitochondrial energy to sustain life functions. When fed regularly, its mitochondrial supply is usually sufficient to survive in this state no more than 20-30 years. The lack of supplying the body with gravitational energy probably plays a key role in this.
In normal life, when gravitational energy is supplied during everyday life activities, its deficiencies and general weakness are mainly observed in people who neglect daily physical activity. This is because civilization changes have severely reduced the dynamic daily tasks that people used to perform to sustain their existence. Many of them have been converted to static functioning. Kinetic energy deficits affect the weakening of the body and the occurrence of disorders in the body structure, especially in those people who have inherited a weaker mitochondrial genome.
Scientific experiments show that such people can rebuild their physical form and improve their health through regular resistance exercise.
Symbols in the illustrations:
Ma – the main axis of the body (gravitational),
F – the force of gravity of the body,
R – ground reaction force